Eocene Green River Seed Capsule
Seed Capsules (aff Salix or Populus)
Green River Formation
Parachute Creek Member
Middle Eocene
Uintah County, Utah
This specimen is a very fine example of seed capusles of the genus Salix or Populus. This example does not display any secondary branching as seen in Pseudosalix and therefore is probably related to either of the ascribed genera. The detail of this specimen is very good and has good relief.

The upper part of the Green River Formation in the eastern Uinta Basin is present in two stratigraphic intervals separated by approximately 250 m of sandstone, siltstone, marlstone and lacustrine limestone (micrite, boundstone, grainstone). The lower sequence, in the Garden Gulch Member, represents an early lacustrine phase of Lake Uinta and consists of approximately 29 m of interbedded clay-rich oil shale, gastropod grainstone and packstone, ostracode grainstone, algal boundstone and calcareous silty claystone. Fish fossils, plant debris, and pelecypods are locally present. Detrital clay minerals (smectite, chlorite and illite) are common and calcite abundance is greater than dolomite. The second oil-shale interval is located in the upper 10 m of the Parachute Creek Member. The Mahogany ledge crops out in the lower 15 m of this sequence. Oil shale in the Parachute Creek Member is a kerogenous dolomicrite (dolomite greater than calcite). Analcime, quartz, K-feldspar, and albite are also common. Illite is the dominant clay mineral. Fossils include insects, insect larvae, and plant debris. Marlstone and volcanic tuff are interstratified with oil shale.